Special Series: Global Pandemic: Reflections on Side Effects #4

Reading Group Session

Leitura e discussão do texto de Martina Löw: “Summary View of the Constitution of Space”, em: The Sociology of Space. Materiality, Social Structures, and Action. London & New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016, pp. 188-193.

26 May 2020, 18:00 h

Via Zoom

Special Series: Global Pandemic: Reflections on Side Effects #1

Wécio Pinheiro Araújo

Universidade Federal da Paraíba

A crítica do valor no livro terceiro d’O Capital: Marx e a atualidade do conceito de capital fictício

5 May 2020, 18:00 h

Via Zoom

 

Abstract/Resumo

Esta apresentação consiste em uma leitura imanente de parte do livro terceiro d’O Capital, no
que diz respeito especificamente ao conceito de capital fictício (fiktives Kapital) e como este se
constitui a partir do sistema financeiro de crédito e daquilo que Marx denominou de negócios
fictícios (Scheingeschäften). Apresenta o conceito de virtualidade real para tentar contribuir na
compreensão do processo global de produção capitalista, e seu movimento fetichista estabelecido
como uma contradição entre conteúdo e forma na constituição das relações sociais sob a forma do
valor (Wertform) autonomizada. Relaciona a leitura imanente do livro terceiro com outros textos
marxianos e, de maneira sincrônica, problematiza como ficam as formulações de Marx no que tange
à contemporaneidade da era digital, com o propósito de demonstrar a atualidade da crítica marxiana
diante do tempo presente.

 

Wécio Pinheiro Araújo

Universidade Federal da Paraíba

A crítica do valor no livro terceiro d’O Capital: Marx e a atualidade do conceito de capital fictício

10 March 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract/Resumo

Esta apresentação consiste em uma leitura imanente de parte do livro terceiro d’O Capital, no
que diz respeito especificamente ao conceito de capital fictício (fiktives Kapital) e como este se
constitui a partir do sistema financeiro de crédito e daquilo que Marx denominou de negócios
fictícios (Scheingeschäften). Apresenta o conceito de virtualidade real para tentar contribuir na
compreensão do processo global de produção capitalista, e seu movimento fetichista estabelecido
como uma contradição entre conteúdo e forma na constituição das relações sociais sob a forma do
valor (Wertform) autonomizada. Relaciona a leitura imanente do livro terceiro com outros textos
marxianos e, de maneira sincrônica, problematiza como ficam as formulações de Marx no que tange
à contemporaneidade da era digital, com o propósito de demonstrar a atualidade da crítica marxiana
diante do tempo presente.

 

 

Dirk Michael Hennrich

Centre of Philosophy – University of Lisbon

About Creation and Destruction of Atmospheres in Modernity

18 February 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract

This lecture deals with the question and the meaning of dispositions and atmospheres in modern times. The main concern is the interpretation of modernity as an age, which is largely determined by the constant creation and destruction of atmospheres. It is only in modern times that disposition [Stimmung] and atmosphere become the central theme of the developing modern individual. In the course of modern philosophy, from Descartes to Spinoza, Hume, Kant, Kierkegaard, Simmel, Benjamin, Heidegger to the present day, there has been a decline, beginning with the cataloging of affects and dispositions, to a rationalistic exclusion and differentiation, to an narrowing down to individual moods up to a thinning and annihilation of the dispositions and the atmospheric. The inner structure of modernity, the incessant production of the new, must be assumed to be the main cause of the destruction of dispositions and atmospheres. This destruction of the atmosphere affects not only culture and society, but also modern civilization itself, the nature and the atmosphere of the earth as a whole. The destruction and emptying of the atmospheric in modern culture is therefore the cause of the destruction of the natural atmosphere. Only healing the pathological dynamic of modernity would enable the healing of the earth’s atmosphere. At least three central questions arise for the discussion of the present assumption: Can the pathological dynamics of modernity be determined on the basis of the historical-philosophical reconstruction of affects, dispositions and atmospheres? Is there an obvious Katabasis in the economy of dispositions and atmospheres in modernity? Is there a direct connection between the annihilation of the atmospheric in modern culture with the destruction of natural dispositions and the earth’s atmosphere?

 

 

 

Tamara Caraus

Centre of Philosophy – University of Lisbon

“Love Your Neighbour!” – A Cosmopolitan Demand?

11 February 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract

A common critique of cosmopolitanism is that human motivational drives such as empathy or a sense of fairness cannot be extended to anonymous strangers or to large and distant groups, thus the cosmopolitan motivation can never arise or cannot arise without moral costs, while some accounts of cosmopolitanism speak of a necessity of ‘metamorphosis’, ‘self-transformation’, ‘conversion’, ‘restructuring of the world view’, etc., as a precondition of becoming cosmopolitan. The hypothesis of this presentation is that the difficulties of being cosmopolitan mirror the difficulties of the command ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’, and the aim of the presentation is to dismantle the difficulties and demandingness of the command to love your neighbour in order to understand the core of cosmopolitan demandingness. The difficulties of loving the neighbour will be examined by analysing Freud’s account on the un-lovable neighbour in Civilisation and Its Discontents, and Lacan’s stance, from his Ethics of Psychoanalysis, toward Freud’s reluctance to go beyond the alleged impossibility of loving the neighbour. While Freud’s aversion to the neighbour comes from his belonging to the Aristotelian horizon of ethics, happiness and conception of the good, for Lacan the command to love the neighbour is an excess to this horizon, and the concept of the neighbour is linked to a singular structure extimacy which points to a coincidence of something most intimate, intrinsic to us, with something most external and utterly foreign. Thus, the love of the neighbour is always an excess, stretching beyond reciprocity and acknowledging the uncanny strangeness of extimacy. From this perspective, the cosmopolitan metamorphosis/conversion/self-transformation presupposes the love of the neighbour as an experience of the excess and as an event of acknowledging extimacy. Thus, as an excessive event, cosmopolitanism is not a platitudinous love of humanity, it remains a difficult stance. The love of the neighbour can be regarded as the ‘truth’ of cosmopolitanism, however this very demandingness makes room for a radical cosmopolitics.

 

 

 

Gavin Rae

Complutense University of Madrid

Strategies of Political Resistance: Agamben and Irigaray

4 February 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract

This talk focuses on the thought of Giorgio Agamben and Luce Irigaray to engage with the question of political resistance. Little work has been done to bring these two thinkers together, but my guiding contention is that there are important overlaps between them, especially on this issue. To develop this, I first outline Agamben’s analysis of homo sacer and related claim that Western juridical-political systems are structured around a binary exclusion/inclusion opposition that is used to regulate life (zoe) itself. Although there is significant contention in the literature regarding whether Agamben offers the possibility of moving beyond this logic, I argue that he does and focus on his analysis of the Aristotelian conception of ‘potentiality,’ from which he derives the notions of ‘impotentiality,’ ‘inoperativity,’ and ‘destituent-power’ to develop a political strategy that argues for the initial deactivation of the biopolitical machine to permit a space to subsequent re-conceive what he calls the coming politics. On first glance, Irigaray’s critique of the West’s phallogocentrism appears to have little to do with Agamben’s biopolitical project, but I will argue that it actually shares a number of its logical presuppositions, insofar as she claims that Western thinking on sexual difference has been structured around a binary opposition wherein ‘woman’ is devalued and excluded from (masculine-defined) law, with this permitting the phallogocentric regime to better regulate her life. I subsequently show that, in her early work, Irigaray points to the political importance of mimicry and laughter to ‘jam the theoretical machine’ sustaining phallogocentrism to subsequently permit a rethinking of sexual difference in non-phallogocentric terms. I conclude that with this Agamben and Irigaray share a common political project that aims to move us from a politics of conflict and contestation to one based around a logic of disarmament and deactivation, before raising some critical questions regarding this endeavour.

 

 

 

Professor Carlos João Correia is travelling to Brazil this August where he is going to attend the 12th International Whitehead Conference. Process as Creativity-Process as Concern. This Conference on the 20th century English philosopher and mathematician is going to be held at the University of Brasília on 27-30 August.

Carlos João Correia is giving the talk “Whitehead and Locke”, part of the Conference’s Section “Whitehead and Continental Philosophy”.

Professor Adriana Veríssimo Serrão is one of the lecturers of the Summer School on Philosophy of Landscape Pensamiento y Paisaje (8-10 July 2019), organized by the National Distance Education University.

 

The summer school will be held in Ávila, Spain, where Professor Adriana Serrão is giving the talk «Paisagem, uma categoria em transição» [Landscape, a category in transition] and partaking at a roundtable on the 10th of July.

 

For more information on the summer school, please follow the link.