The threshold of belief and the value of punishment
Julien Dutant (King’s College London)

05 March 2021, 16:00 | Online, via Zoom

Abstract: This paper explores a tension between two putative norms for rational reactions (i.e. reactive attitudes like blame or anger and retributive actions like punishing). The first (Reactive Risk Management) says that how it is rational to react to an (apparent) deed depends on how confident it is rational to be that the deed was done. The second (Reasoned Reactions) says that it is rational to react to an (apparent) deed if, and only if, it is rational to believe that it was done. The two conflict in the context of the Fallibilist idea that rational belief does not require certainty. A well-known source of conflict between them is the problem of ‘naked statistical evidence’ (Buchak 2014). However, one can make the norms compatible even in naked statistical evidence cases by rejecting ordinary intuitions (Laudan 2012, Papineau 2019), or by claiming that reactions have epistemically-sensitive values: namely, that they have no positive value if not done on the basis of knowledge (Littlejohn 2018). This paper considers a separate source of conflict between the two norms: the problem of single-case threshold variance. When one is facing a choice over a range of potential reactions, the level of confidence that rationalizes one reaction appropriate to a deed may differ from that of another reaction appropriate to that deed. This entails that one of the two norms fails. The problem affects even the views that reconcile the two norms with naked statistical evidence. The problem would be avoided if a certain hypothesis, which I call the “Blackstone invariance hypothesi”, was true. Unfortunately, I don’t see much prospect for the hypothesis to hold. I conclude with some challenges to meet if we instead give up one of the three ideas that generate the problem.

Free Attendance, but preregistration required: https://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/lancog/registration/

Reading Group as part of the Praxis-CFUL activities

Working language: Portuguese

Organizers: Dr. Ricardo Mendoza-Canales (rcanales@letras.ulisboa.pt) & Rui Filipe (ruifilipe63@hotmail.com)

Wednesdays, from 17h30 to 19h00, according to the calendar below.

To participate, please send an e-mail to the organizers expressing your interest in taking part in the RG.

 

Spring Semester 2021: “Alienation/Reification”

The first edition of the reading group on Topics of Social Philosophy and Critical Theory will address the notions of Alienation and Reification along the history and evolution of both terms in the hegelian-marxist tradition (Hegel, Marx, Rubin, Lúkacs), as well its hermeneutical turn after Heidegger and recent approaches in the frankfurtian Critical Theory (Honneth and Jaeggi). It does not aim to provide a full acknowledgement on the topic, but, rather, to trace a panoramic view on how seemingly side-problems such as subjectivation and emancipation are deeply connected with the economical, social and material conditions that constraint freedom and shape social forms of life.

 

Programme

Session 1 | 10 February 2021 (Zoom link here)

Introduction

Hegel, G.W. (2003). “Independência e dependência da consciência-de-si: dominação e escravidão”. In: Fenomenologia do Espírito. 2ª ed. Petrópolis: Vozes, 126-134. Descarregar aqui.

 

Session 2 | 3 March 2021
Marx, K. (s.d.). “Trabalho alienado”. In: Manuscritos Econômico-Filosóficos. Retrieved from here.

 

Session 3 | 17 March 2021

Rubin, I. I. (1987). “A Reificação das Relações de Produção entre as Pessoas e a Personificação das Coisas”. In: A Teoria Marxista do Valor. São Paulo: Polis, 34-43.

 

Session 4 | 7 April 2021

Lúkacs, G. (2003). “A Reificação e a Consciência do Proletariado. Secção I: O fenômeno da reificação”. História e Consciência de Classe. São Paulo: Martin Fontes, 194-240.

 

Session 5 | 21 April 2021

Heidegger, M. Ser e tempo. Secções §27 e §§35-38.

 

Session 6 | 5 May 2021

Honneth, A. (2008). “IV. Reification as Forgetfulness of Recognition”. In: Reification. A New Look to an Old Idea. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 52-74.

 

Session 7 | 19 May 2021

Jaeggi, R. (2014). Selected pages of Alienation. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

 

 

Consuming Fake News: Can We Do Any Better?
Michel Croce (Dublin/LanCog) & Tommaso Piazza (Pavia/LanCog)

26 February 2021, 16:00 | Online, via Zoom

Abstract: Extant remedies to the online proliferation of fake news range from promoting a reform of individual epistemic conduct to implementing systemic interventions. This paper defends educational approaches from the charge of being motivated by an excessively strict appraisal of the doxastic conduct of social media users. In particular, we address two versions of this charge, according to which the epistemic conduct of social media users is not criticisable because virtuous (Rini 2017) or because fully excused (Millar 2019). For both authors, we should not target individual behaviors but concentrate on reforming institutions and the architecture of online informational environments. We resist both contentions. Contra Rini, we claim that most fake news is beyond the range of application of the virtue of epistemic partisanship. Contra Millar, we argue that most social media users have some control over their informational diet and, for this reason, can be requested to amend their doxastic conduct

Free Attendance, but preregistration required: https://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/lancog/registration/

The Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon (CFUL) welcomes expressions of interest from candidates who want to apply for a PhD grant (up to 4 years) funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) under the Individual Call for PhD Research Scholarships.

The FCT will accept applications until 31 March 2021 (17:00 Lisbon Time). Candidates will have to apply directly to FCT, but if they want to carry out their doctoral research at CFUL, they must first secure the support of one of the CFUL’s members who are also staff at the Department of Philosophy. The selected sponsor will have to act as the main supervisor for the candidate’s PhD research. The application, written in English or Portuguese, must include the following:

  • Detailed research plan;
  • Curriculum vitae (on the CIÊNCIAVITAE platform);
  • Motivation letter;
  • Two recommendation letters.

CFUL is interested in hosting high-quality doctoral students in a wide range of areas in History of Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy and Practical Philosophy.


Interested candidates are invited to contact CFUL’s vice-director, Domingos Faria (at domingosfaria@campus.ul.pt), with a brief description of their intended research and current CV no later than March 1.


Information for foreign applicants: recognition certificate together with grade conversion is mandatory. More info here: https://www.dges.gov.pt/pt/content/recautomatico

For more information about CFUL, please visit our website: http://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/

More information about the call, including a link to the application portal, is available here: https://www.fct.pt/apoios/bolsas/concursos/individuais2021.phtml.en

The Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics: One World, Many Routes
Davide Romano (LanCog, University of Lisbon)

19 February 2021, 16:00 | Online, via Zoom

Abstract: This talk is a presentation of my FCT research project: The Emergence of the Classical World From Quantum Mechanics, hosted by the Centre of Philosophy at the University of Lisbon. The project deals with the problem of the classical limit of quantum mechanics, which can be framed as follows: why does a collection of quantum systems (elementary particles, atoms, molecules) in ordinary macroscopic conditions generally form a classical object (a table, a chair, a human being)? Why does this transition happen, and under which conditions? Nowadays, the standard answer to this problem is given by decoherence theory: when a quantum system interacts with an external environment, it loses some of its characteristic quantum effects (it “decoheres”) and, when measured, it looks like a classical object. Nevertheless, there is no consensus in the literature on what has been really achieved by decoherence and the role it plays in the different interpretations of quantum mechanics. The project will investigate these issues, seeking to provide a comprehensive and ontologically clear account of the classical limit of quantum mechanics.

The talk will be divided into two parts. In the first part, I will present the merits and limits of decoherence. I will show that, despite the experimental success of decoherence, this theory (in the standard context) is unable to provide an explanation of the quantum to classical transition that goes beyond a pure instrumentalist approach. In the second part, I will briefly discuss the role and significance of decoherence theory in three different interpretations of quantum mechanics: the de Broglie–Bohm theory, the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber (GRW) theory and the Everett/Many Worlds Interpretation. For each of these interpretations, indeed, not only can the problem of the classical limit be framed differently, but even decoherence itself plays either a different role or no role at all. Even though no definite results will be provided, I will suggest what further steps should be taken in order to develop a clear account of the classical limit.

Free Attendance, but preregistration required: https://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/lancog/registration/

 

 

 

Rosario Assunto (1915-1994), filósofo que se dedicou desde a estética medieval ao design do séc. XX,  é hoje amplamente reconhecido pelo seu papel pioneiro no pensamento em torno do jardim e da paisagem. Trazendo-os para a discussão filosófica quando não eram ainda temas nem da filosofia nem da moda, bateu-se pela defesa da ideia de beleza num mundo que tendia a secundarizá-la em favor da produção e do consumo, sendo a sua uma voz “contracorrente” e muitas vezes ignorada.

Neste encontro, procurar-se-á olhar para a relação problemática entre paisagem e cidade contemporânea tendo Assunto como fio condutor (Federica Pau), bem como  para a sua obra sob o prisma do jardim (Moirika Reker).  Aurora Carapinha falará do filósofo pela perspectiva da arquitectura paisagista. Seguem-se os comentários de Adriana Veríssimo Serrão (CFUL) e Luca Vargiu (U. Cagliari).


Rosario Assunto (1915-1994), filosofo i cui interessi hanno spaziato dall’estetica medievale al design del Ventesimo secolo, Rosario Assunto è oggi ampiamente riconosciuto per il suo ruolo pionieristico in merito al pensiero sul giardino e sul paesaggio. Traendo al centro del dibattito filosofico temi lontani dall’essere in voga, e difendendo l’idea di bellezza in un mondo che la stava via via marginalizzando per privilegiare la produzione ed il consumo, Assunto è stato catalogato come un filosofo controcorrente e per questo a lungo ignorato.

In questo incontro Assunto è il filo conduttore di una riflessione che si posa sulla relazione problematica tra paesaggio e città contemporanea (Federica pau) e sul tema del giardino come chiave di lettura privilegiata della sua stessa opera (Moirika Reker). Aurora Carapinha propone una lettura di Assunto dal punto di vista dell’architettura paesaggista. La sezione si concluderà con l’intervento di Adriana Veríssimo Serrão (CFUL) e Luca Vargiu (U.Cagliari).


 

Programa / programma

14h00 — Abertura / Apertura

14h15-15h15

Federica Pau (U. Cagliari) — “L’estetica della città e l’estetica del paesaggio: attualità di un filosofo inattuale? / A estética da cidade e a estética da paisagem: actualidade de um filósofo inactual?”

Moirika Reker (Praxis-CFUL) — “Um jardim para Rosario Assunto / Un giardino per Rosario Assunto

15h15-15h30 – Intervalo /Pausa

15h30 – 17h00

Aurora Carapinha (U.Évora)

Comentários de / Commenti di Adriana Veríssimo Serrão (Praxis-CFUL) e Luca Vargiu (U. Cagliari)

Debate/ Discussione

 

Link da reunião zoom:

https://videoconf-colibri.zoom.us/j/83118448044?pwd=aCtsd294L24vNEczQ2xrVHdzZmRFZz09

ID da reunião: 831 1844 8044
Senha de acesso: 740082

 

The Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon (CFUL) launched a call for applications to 2 PhD fellowships (up to 4 years) at the School of Arts and Humanities of the University of Lisbon. We will accept applications between 8 February and 26 February 2021 (23:59 Lisbon Time).

The application, written in English or Portuguese, must include the following:

  • Identity card / citizen card / passport;
  • Curriculum vitae;
  • Research plan (up to 4,000 words);
  • A writing sample (up to 6,000 words);
  • Motivation letter (up to 1,200 words);
  • Indication of one or two references, who can provide a letter of recommendation (optional).

CFUL is interested in hosting high-quality doctoral students in a wide range of areas in History of Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy and Practical Philosophy.

The call will stay open for a period of 3 weeks.

For more information about CFUL, the PhD program in Philosophy at the U of Lisbon and this call, please visit https://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/ or write to c.filosofia@letras.ulisboa.pt

The application announcement is available here: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx?task=global&jobId=131116

The plan for this term is now ready, as follows:

February 19 – Davide Romano (LanCog)
February 26 – Michel Croce (Dublin/LanCog) & Tommaso Piazza (Pavia/LanCog)
March 5 – Julien Dutant (King’s College London)
March 12 – Kevin Dorst (University of Pittsburgh)
March 19 – Timothy Sundell (University of Kentucky)
March 26 – Delia Belleri (LanCog)
April 9 – Julia Zakkou (Bielefeld University)
April 16 – Robert Williams (University of Leeds)
April 23 – Francisca Silva (LanCog)
April 30 – Bruno Jacinto (CFCUL/LanCog) & José Mestre (Stirling/LanCog)
May 7 – Philip Ebert (University of Stirling)
May 14 – Arturs Logins (University of Zürich)
May 21 – Hugo Luzio (LanCog)
May 28 – epistemology workshop (org. Domingos Faria & Michel Croce)
June 4 – Diogo Santos (LanCog)
June 11 – David Papineau (London)
June 18 – Adam Carter (Glasgow) & Emma Gordon (Glasgow)
June 25 – Liz Jackson (Ryerson University)

The LanCog Research Group, University of Lisbon, welcomes expressions of interest from suitably qualified candidates interested in applying for fix-term (up to 6 years) research positions funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) in the following conditions:

 

The FCT is the Portuguese national funding agency for academic research and development. In 2021, the FCT will fund the hiring of 400 researchers, holders of PhDs at various stages of career, to carry out their activity in research centres throughout Portugal. The selected researchers are hired by the host institution through a framework-contract between the host and the FCT, which guarantees the funding. In each of the previous editions, 10 to 13 positions have gone for philosophers, and LanCog has a strong record of supporting successful candidates.

 

The FCT will accept applications between 29 January and 26 February 2021 (17:00 Lisbon Time). Candidates will apply online directly to the FCT, but their application must be supported by a host institution.

 

The application, written in English, must include the following:

  • A research plan, including a description of the main activities to be undertaken, the expected results, as well as an indication of how the research project fits with (at least one of) the goals set out in the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development;
  • A brief description of previous academic and scientific experience, highlighting the main activities and results obtained in the last 5 years;
  • Curriculum vitae;
  • Motivation letter, identifying up to two main contributions of the candidate in the last 5 years and the expected main contributions for the next years;
  • A brief description of the conditions provided by the host institution and of how the proposed research plan fits into the overall strategy of the research centre.

 

Applications will be assessed by an international panel, according to the following criteria:

  • The candidate’s scientific experience, with emphasis on the last 5 years (70%);
  • The proposed research plan (30%).

 

Each applicant can submit only one application for one of the following types of positions:

Junior researcher: PhD holders with limited post-doctoral experience in the scientific area of application – 2.134,73€ gross wage (c. 1.400-1.500€ net wage for 14 months/year, depending on several specific factors related to the family composition and income);

Assistant researcher: PhD holders with more than 5 years of post-doctoral research, with relevant experience in the scientific area of application and limited scientific independence* – 3.201,40€ gross wage (c. 1.800-1.950€ net wage 14 months/year, depending on several specific factors related to the family composition and income);

Principal researcher: PhD holders with more than 5 years of post-doctoral research, with relevant experience in the scientific area of application and demonstrating scientific independence* for the last 3 years – 3.611,83€ gross wage (c. 2.100-2300€ net wage 14 months/year, depending on several specific factors related to the family composition and income);

Coordinating researcher: PhD holders with more than 5 years of post-doctoral research, holders of a title of ‘Agregado’ (or ‘Habilitation’), with relevant experience and demonstrating scientific independence and recognized leadership in the scientific area of application – 4.678,96€ gross wage (c. 2.350-2500€ net wage 14 months/year, depending on several specific factors related to the family composition and income).

 

*Research independence is demonstrated through scientific competence, originality and international recognition, by experience in doctoral or post-doctoral supervision, or by the competitive research funds attracted at national or international level.

 

It is the applicant’s responsibility to choose the contract level best suited to their career stage.

 

It is mandatory to upload the doctoral diploma. In order to comply with the Portuguese legislation concerning the recognition of foreign qualifications, all the doctoral degrees granted by foreign higher education institutions should be duly recognized**. Applicants are advised to visit the website of the Direção-Geral do Ensino Superior (DGES) for further information: https://www.dges.gov.pt/en/pagina/degree-and-diploma-recognition. If possible, the recognition certificate (or proof that one has been requested) should be uploaded together with the diploma. Applications will be considered even if the recognition certificate is not available. However, the recognition must be obtained before signing the contract.

 

** Cf. Decree-Law No. 66/2018, of 16 August; Portaria No. 33/2019, of 25 January; Portaria No. 43/2020, of 14 February.

 

More information about the call, including a link to the application portal, is available here.

 

Interested candidates are invited to contact Dr. Domingos Faria (at domingosfaria@edu.ulisboa.pt), with a brief description of their intended research and current CV no later than 5 February.