The Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon is glad to announce the opening of an international selection contest for a postdoctoral position for the exercise of research activity in the scientific area of Philosophy under the employment contract in public functions for a fixed term for a period of three years, with a view to

(1 ) to develop with diligence all the activities necessary to carry out the scientific project provided for in paragraph d) of point 8.2 below and

(2) to participate actively and actively in the activities of the research group of the Center of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon in which it will become integrated, financed by national funds through FCT / MCTES.

 

The announcement as published in «Diário da República» can be found here.

Job description and further information at ERACAREERS, here

Bolsa de Emprego Público here

Application forms (in Portuguese and English) available here

 

The selection process is open until July 10th.

Informamos que o Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa (CFUL) abriu os seguintes concursos:

 

1. Concurso para atribuição de uma (01) Bolsa de Investigação (estudantes inscritos num doutoramento) no âmbito do projeto Emergência nas Ciências Naturais (PTDC/FER-HFC/30665/2017), financiado por fundos nacionais através da FCT. (Ref.ª BI_Emergencia nas Ciências Naturais (EITNS)_jun20)

O candidato deve estar inscrito num doutoramento. São fatores preferenciais experiência de investigação nas áreas de especialização do grupo LanCog do Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa (CFUL), para os efeitos do presente concurso entendidas como: filosofia da linguagem, da mente e da cognição; epistemologia; metafísica; ética.

A bolsa terá a duração de 12 meses, com início previsto em Setembro de 2020. O contrato de bolsa poderá ser renovado, até um máximo de mais 36 meses.

O concurso encontra-se aberto no período de 09 a 22 de julho de 2020

Consulte o edital: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx…
Mais informação aqui: https://www.letras.ulisboa.pt/…/acta_1_emergencia_ciencias_…

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2. Concurso para a atribuição de uma (01) Bolsa de Investigação para Mestrado, financiada por fundos nacionais através da FCT/MCTES. (Ref.ª BI_Mestrado_CFUL_jun20)

O candidato deverá estar inscrito no curso de Mestrado em Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa e pretender desenvolver actividades de investigação conducentes à obtenção do grau académico de mestre num dos grupos de investigação do Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa

A bolsa terá a duração de 12 meses, com início previsto em Setembro de 2020.

O contrato de bolsa poderá ser renovado até ao máximo de 24 meses.

O concurso encontra-se aberto no período de 09 a 22 de julho de 2020.

Consulte o​ edital: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx…
Mais informações aqui: https://www.letras.ulisboa.pt/…/edital_bi_mestrado_cful_jun…

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3. Concurso para atribuição de duas (02) Bolsas de Iniciação à Investigação (Ref.ª BII_CFUL_jun20)

O candidato deverá estar inscrito no curso de Mestrado em Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa e pretender desenvolver actividades de investigação, visando o início da sua formação científica, integrado num dos grupos de investigação do Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa.

A bolsa terá a duração de 6 meses, com início previsto em Setembro de 2020.

O contrato de bolsa poderá ser renovado até ao máximo de 12 meses.

O concurso encontra-se aberto no período de 09 a 22 de julho de 2020.

Consulte o edital: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx…
Mais informação aqui: https://www.letras.ulisboa.pt/…/i…/edital_bii_cful_jun20.pdf

Wécio Pinheiro Araújo

Universidade Federal da Paraíba

A crítica do valor no livro terceiro d’O Capital: Marx e a atualidade do conceito de capital fictício

10 March 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract/Resumo

Esta apresentação consiste em uma leitura imanente de parte do livro terceiro d’O Capital, no
que diz respeito especificamente ao conceito de capital fictício (fiktives Kapital) e como este se
constitui a partir do sistema financeiro de crédito e daquilo que Marx denominou de negócios
fictícios (Scheingeschäften). Apresenta o conceito de virtualidade real para tentar contribuir na
compreensão do processo global de produção capitalista, e seu movimento fetichista estabelecido
como uma contradição entre conteúdo e forma na constituição das relações sociais sob a forma do
valor (Wertform) autonomizada. Relaciona a leitura imanente do livro terceiro com outros textos
marxianos e, de maneira sincrônica, problematiza como ficam as formulações de Marx no que tange
à contemporaneidade da era digital, com o propósito de demonstrar a atualidade da crítica marxiana
diante do tempo presente.

 

 

The Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon (CFUL) welcomes expressions of interest from candidates who want to apply for a PhD grant (up to 4 years) funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) under the Individual Call for PhD Research Scholarships.

The FCT will accept applications until 28 April 2020 (17:00 Lisbon Time). Candidates will have to apply directly to FCT, but if they want to carry out their doctoral research at CFUL, they must first secure the support of one of the CFUL’s members who are also staff at the Department of Philosophy. The selected sponsor will have to act as the main supervisor for the candidate’s PhD research. The application, written in English or Portuguese, must include the following:

      • Detailed research plan;
      • Curriculum vitae (on the CIÊNCIAVITAE platform);
      • Motivation letter;
      • Two recommendation letters.

CFUL is interested in hosting high-quality doctoral students in a wide range of areas in History of Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy and Practical Philosophy.

Interested candidates are invited to contact CFUL’s vice-director, Domingos Faria (at domingosfaria@campus.ul.pt), with a brief description of their intended research and current CV no later than March 22.

 

For more information about CFUL, please visit our website: http://cful.letras.ulisboa.pt/

More information about the call, including a link to the application portal, is available here: https://www.fct.pt/apoios/bolsas/concursos/individuais2020.phtml.en

Jennifer Lackey

Northwestern University

The Epistemology of Groups

21 February 2020, 16:00

Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa

Sala Mattos Romão (Departamento de Filosofia)

Abstract: Groups are often said to believe, know, and do things. For instance, we talk about the Catholic Church believing that the Pope is infallible, the U.S. government knowing that greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are the primary driver of climate change, and Iran firing two missiles at a Ukranian passenger plane that crashed in Tehran. But how should we understand a group’s believing, knowing, or doing something? Two answers are generally given to this question. According to summativism, a group’s states or actions are understood simply in terms of the states or actions of individual members. In contrast, non-summativism holds that a group’s states or actions are over and above, or otherwise distinct from, those of its members. While I argue that neither view is, strictly speaking, correct, I also show that epistemic states and actions come apart in how much they depend on group members. In particular, there is a far tighter connection between what a group believes or knows and what its individual members believe or know than there is between what a group does and what its members do. This has important implications for our attributions of moral and legal responsibility to groups, such as corporations and institutions.

Paulo Faria

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Content, Context, and Logical Form

19 February 2020, 11:00

Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa

Sala Mattos Romão (Departamento de Filosofia)

Abstract: Judgments about the validity of at least some elementary inferential patterns (say modus ponens) are a priori if anything is. Yet a number of empirical conditions must in each case be satisfied in order for a particular inference to instantiate this or that inferential pattern. We may on occasion be entitled to presuppose that such conditions are satisfied (and the entitlement may even be a priori), yet only experience could tell us whether this was indeed the case. Hence a peculiar vulnerability of our capacity to recognize logical form: whenever content is (no matter to what extent) context-dependent, logical form is apt to evade recognition. That fact has rightly been perceived as a source of incompatibility between anti-individualism (or content externalism) and first person authority. I argue that, no matter whether anti-individualism is true, empirical assumptions will often underlie judgments about the logical form of inferences, thus making it the case that such judgments are defeasible in the face of contrary empirical evidence. I argue further that such assumptions should not be construed as tacit premises in enthymematic reasoning. I round off the discussion offering a characterization, which draws on Wittgenstein’s treatment of so-called ‘hinge propositions’, of the peculiar status of such empirical assumptions.

Tamara Caraus

Centre of Philosophy – University of Lisbon

“Love Your Neighbour!” – A Cosmopolitan Demand?

11 February 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract

A common critique of cosmopolitanism is that human motivational drives such as empathy or a sense of fairness cannot be extended to anonymous strangers or to large and distant groups, thus the cosmopolitan motivation can never arise or cannot arise without moral costs, while some accounts of cosmopolitanism speak of a necessity of ‘metamorphosis’, ‘self-transformation’, ‘conversion’, ‘restructuring of the world view’, etc., as a precondition of becoming cosmopolitan. The hypothesis of this presentation is that the difficulties of being cosmopolitan mirror the difficulties of the command ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’, and the aim of the presentation is to dismantle the difficulties and demandingness of the command to love your neighbour in order to understand the core of cosmopolitan demandingness. The difficulties of loving the neighbour will be examined by analysing Freud’s account on the un-lovable neighbour in Civilisation and Its Discontents, and Lacan’s stance, from his Ethics of Psychoanalysis, toward Freud’s reluctance to go beyond the alleged impossibility of loving the neighbour. While Freud’s aversion to the neighbour comes from his belonging to the Aristotelian horizon of ethics, happiness and conception of the good, for Lacan the command to love the neighbour is an excess to this horizon, and the concept of the neighbour is linked to a singular structure extimacy which points to a coincidence of something most intimate, intrinsic to us, with something most external and utterly foreign. Thus, the love of the neighbour is always an excess, stretching beyond reciprocity and acknowledging the uncanny strangeness of extimacy. From this perspective, the cosmopolitan metamorphosis/conversion/self-transformation presupposes the love of the neighbour as an experience of the excess and as an event of acknowledging extimacy. Thus, as an excessive event, cosmopolitanism is not a platitudinous love of humanity, it remains a difficult stance. The love of the neighbour can be regarded as the ‘truth’ of cosmopolitanism, however this very demandingness makes room for a radical cosmopolitics.

 

 

 

Gavin Rae

Complutense University of Madrid

Strategies of Political Resistance: Agamben and Irigaray

4 February 2020, 18:00 h

Room B6 – Library Building

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – University of Lisbon

 

Abstract

This talk focuses on the thought of Giorgio Agamben and Luce Irigaray to engage with the question of political resistance. Little work has been done to bring these two thinkers together, but my guiding contention is that there are important overlaps between them, especially on this issue. To develop this, I first outline Agamben’s analysis of homo sacer and related claim that Western juridical-political systems are structured around a binary exclusion/inclusion opposition that is used to regulate life (zoe) itself. Although there is significant contention in the literature regarding whether Agamben offers the possibility of moving beyond this logic, I argue that he does and focus on his analysis of the Aristotelian conception of ‘potentiality,’ from which he derives the notions of ‘impotentiality,’ ‘inoperativity,’ and ‘destituent-power’ to develop a political strategy that argues for the initial deactivation of the biopolitical machine to permit a space to subsequent re-conceive what he calls the coming politics. On first glance, Irigaray’s critique of the West’s phallogocentrism appears to have little to do with Agamben’s biopolitical project, but I will argue that it actually shares a number of its logical presuppositions, insofar as she claims that Western thinking on sexual difference has been structured around a binary opposition wherein ‘woman’ is devalued and excluded from (masculine-defined) law, with this permitting the phallogocentric regime to better regulate her life. I subsequently show that, in her early work, Irigaray points to the political importance of mimicry and laughter to ‘jam the theoretical machine’ sustaining phallogocentrism to subsequently permit a rethinking of sexual difference in non-phallogocentric terms. I conclude that with this Agamben and Irigaray share a common political project that aims to move us from a politics of conflict and contestation to one based around a logic of disarmament and deactivation, before raising some critical questions regarding this endeavour.